Eric Hipkins, a security and intelligence professional with over 25 years of experience in the military and National Security Agency, is one such expert. When asked why adversaries seem to be having their way with over 1,700 major data breaches reported in 2017, Hipkins suggests current technology-based cyber defenses are unable to stave off attacks because:
- Cyberattack tools and techniques have evolved well beyond the capacity of existing cybersecurity platforms;
- Attackers can study and develop tools and methodology that evade passive defenses;
- Adversaries understand it is unlikely they will face an active human defender; and
- Once the network perimeter has been penetrated, the attackers will likely have uncontested movement within the victim's network.